Amina Mohammed, United Nations (UN) Deputy Secretary-General, has attributed the rise of Boko Haram terrorism in Northeast Nigeria largely to the drying up of the once thriving Lake Chad.
Mohammed has stated this in Stockholm in her remarks to the opening plenary of 2018 World Water Week with theme: ‘Water, Ecosystems and Human Development, at the Heart of the Global Agendas’.
NAN quoted her as saying, “I was raised in north-eastern Nigeria, where lack of access to clean water and sanitation is a major challenge.
“Lake Chad was once the chief source of economic activity for this region, providing food and economic opportunities to nearly 30 million people.
“Today, the lake has shrunk by 90 per cent. Some predict it could disappear entirely by the end of this century.
“This drying of the lake and the advance of desertification in the north has disrupted everything, from trade routes to agriculture and fishing.
“It has impacted food security and health, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases. It is causing poverty by taking away farmers’ livelihoods. And it has a gender dimension, contributing to low levels of school enrollment among girls.
“Taken together, all these factors have contributed to increased insecurity in a region already affected by violent extremism.
“I believe the rise of Boko Haram is inextricably linked with poor water management. And the solution to conflict in the region must include equitable ways of using water resources.”